Examining New Media as an Innovative Substance Abuse and HIV/AIDS Prevention Protocol

This case study describes the benefits and challenges of introducing health prevention messages that incorporate new media strategies targeting African American and Hispanic/Latino teens and young adults from Paterson, New Jersey, a disproportionately resource poor, urban, community.

Predictors of Substance Use in the Tribal Population

Substance misuse is a wide-spread phenomenon that affects all levels of society. The household survey data of different tribes from Arunachal Pradesh, India were used to present the prevalence of substance use in different tribes and to examine the association between socio-demographic factors and substance use. Materials and method: A sample of 3421 tribal individuals aged 15 years and older was extracted from earlier conducted substance use survey in Changlang district of Arunachal Pradesh, India.

Women with Alcohol and Drug Use at Increased Risk of Placenta Praevia (PP)?

Objective: To correlate the incidence of Low Lying placenta with maternal alcohol and other drug use (AOD) among pregnant women attending the Women and Newborn Drug and Alcohol Service (WANDAS), a specialist obstetric Drug and Alcohol Service situated at Women and Newborn Health Service King Edward Memorial Hospital (KEMH). Methods: A retrospective audit was undertaken of 751 maternal records compromising of the women attending Women and Newborn Drug and Alcohol Service (WANDAS) from 2010 to 2014. All women were scanned at approximately 20 weeks and again between 32 to 34 weeks gestation. The incidence of, low lying placenta, placenta praevia and maternal drug use was analysed. The maternal outcomes including mode of delivery, foetal outcome and maternal complications were compared with the general obstetric population at KEMH. In order to determine if maternal AOD use increased the risk of placentation issues. Results: Higher incidence of placenta praevia in 2012 and 2013 when compared with results from hospital population, P=0.013 in 2012 and 2013. Conclusion: Maternal AOD use increases the risk of placenta praevia and other maternal and neonatal co-morbidities.

Marijuana-Is It a Medicine?

This review is based on literature search to determine the risks and benefits of marijuana as a medical agent and the role for marijuana in mainstream medicine. “Marijuana” is the natural form of cannabis derived from the Cannabis sativa plant and refers specifically to the dried leaves and flowering tops or “herbal cannabis”. Other terms for marijuana are cannabis or hemp. Current clinical studies do not focus on the natural form of marijuana, but evaluate synthetically forms of THC instead. Marijuana is a schedule I substance by federal law with high potential of addiction and no medical benefit which limits research studies and forbids clinical use. However, the synthetically form THC cannot be compared with the natural form of marijuana and vice versa. Unlike most medications on the market, marijuana does not have only one or two active agents. Natural forms of marijuana are derived from the plant, Cannabis sativa, and consist of over 400 compounds including flavonoids and terpenoids and more than 60 cannabinoids other than delta-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Many of these compounds are not understood and their effects and adverse effects unknown.